A baseline pelvic ultrasound is an important tool for assessing fertility. A pelvic ultrasound is an in-depth scan of the pelvic anatomy which assesses the reproductive organs including the cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina, bladder, and fallopian tubes. A pelvic ultrasound can determine whether the uterus is a normal shape and whether the uterine lining contains anything that may prevent pregnancy such as polyps or fibroids. It will look for ovarian cysts. A count of the follicles in the ovary gives a good indication of ovarian reserve and an idea of the likely responsiveness in an IVF cycle, especially when in conjunction with the AMH (Anti-Mullerian Hormone) test. Together these diagnostic tools can assist our fertility specialists in prescribing the right medication for you.
The fallopian tubes will also be assessed, however they are difficult to assess via ultrasound. If needed, your fertility specialist may refer you for a specialised scan of the fallopian tubes, to ensure the egg and sperm are able to meet.
A pelvic ultrasound is recommended prior to commencing fertility treatment. The procedure is minimally invasive and takes between 15 and 30 minutes.